Beirut blast : 4 August 2020, in Beirut capital of Lebanon two explosions occurred at the port of the city. First blast is less powerful but extremely powerful second blast result in at least 158 deaths, 6,000 injuries. Firstly Economically it US$10–15 billion in property damage and an estimated 300,000 people made homeless. The blast linked to about 2,750 tonnes (3,030 short tons) of ammonium nitrate equivalent to around 1,155 tonnes of TNT. This material confiscate by the Lebanese government from the abandoned ship. MV Rhosus and stored in the port without proper safety measures for six years.

The United States Geological Survey detect the blast by as a seismic event of magnitude 3.3. Which reach Turkey, Syria, Israel, and parts of Europe, and was hear from more than 100 miles (160 kilometers) away. The Lebanese government declared a two-week state of emergency after this blast.

An aerial view shows the massive damage done to Beirut port’s grain silos (C) and the area around it on August 5, 2020, one day after a mega-blast tore through the harbour in the heart of the Lebanese capital with the force of an earthquake, killing more than 100 people and injuring over 4,000. – Rescuers searched for survivors in Beirut in the morning after a cataclysmic explosion at the port sowed devastation across entire neighbourhoods, killing more than 100 people, wounding thousands and plunging Lebanon deeper into crisis.

After this blast many countries start to think about this TNT material and this safety measures. The government of Lebanon also stuck in covid-19 pandemic and now this blast hurt so hard.

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On the afternoon of 4 August 2020. A large fire broke out in a warehouse next to the grain elevator at the Port of Beirut. Importantly, A team of nine firefighters and one paramedic dispatch to fight the fire at what a state security officer had told them was “a hangar with just fireworks”. On arrival, the fire crew reported the fire was huge. A large explosion, though the smaller of the two that were to occur. Sent up a cloud of smoke and follow by flashes of light caused by stored fireworks going off.

Beirut blast : 4 August 2020 Secondly The second explosion much more substantial and occurred around 33 to 35 seconds after the first blast. It effect central Beirut and sent a red-orange cloud into the air. Briefly surrounded by a white condensation cloud. The orange-red colour of the smoke by nitrogen dioxide, a byproduct of ammonium nitrate decomposition. The second blast felt in northern Israel and in Cyprus, 240 kilometres (150 miles) away. In Conclusion All the government should learn from this blast.

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